Top 5 Causes and Prevention of Gum Disease

checking healthy gums

You are instantly concerned when you notice that your hands are bleeding. Most people would wash them and visit a doctor for treatment. Unfortunately, many people consider bleeding gums as normal when they brush or floss. Surprisingly, studies reveal that a significant number of Americans have bleeding gums. But bleeding gums are not dental issues that should be brushed off. They need to be treated as soon as possible.

Swollen and bleeding gums are an early warning sign of infected gums. Notably, ignored bleeding gums can lead to the spread of the infection that will destroy your jawbone. It will ultimately lead to tooth extractions because the teeth are loosely attached to the jawbone. As such, you need to see a dentist as soon as you notice bleeding gums when brushing or flossing. You also need to know the causes of bleeding gums so that you can prevent periodontal disease.


One of the primary causes of gum disease is plaque. It is a thick layer of bacteria that forms on teeth when you do not brush and floss as often as required. Several American adults have some degree of periodontal disease. Fortunately, early periodontal disease can be treated when you visit a dentist in Longmont, Colorado early enough. You can also avoid the formation of plaque that causes gum disease by brushing at least thrice a day. Regular dental checkups can also help detect gum disease early and treat it.

Smoking or tobacco use

The use of tobacco is linked to an array of severe diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and lung disease. What most people do not know is that smoking is a leading cause of gum disease. You should avoid smoking or using tobacco so that you reduce the risk of developing a severe case of gum disease.

Prescription medication

Studies have revealed that some drugs cause gum disease because of their side effects. Some cause dampening saliva production and flow, which lead to a dry mouth. Notably, bacteria thrive in a dry mouth, and they can spread quickly. As such, you need to discuss with your family dentist if you are concerned about your gums as a result of the medications you are taking.


Studies reveal that close to 30 percent of the American population are at risk of periodontal disease due to genetics. People with a genetic predisposition are six times at risk of developing gum disease despite proper oral care habits. For such people, it is wise to visit a dentist for early intervention before they even start noticing signs of gum disease.

Hormonal shifts

gum operation

Hormones can rise at puberty or when you are pregnant. As such, your gums become susceptible to periodontal disease. Therefore, it is advisable for youngsters at their puberty and pregnant women to take extra care of their mouth and visit dentists often to prevent gum disease.

Having known what causes gum disease, you can easily prevent the disease by avoiding these causes. Fortunately, periodontal disease is preventable and treatable as long as you visit your dentist early enough. Most causes of gum disease are as a result of poor nutrition and oral hygiene.

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